Dermatitis

Dermatitis

Dermatitis is also known as atopic dermatitis or eczema. About 35 million people in the United States suffer from it which is about 1-3% of adults. About 10-20% of children mostly below the age of 5 also suffer from it. So if you have dermatitis symptoms you are not alone. Call a board certified dermatologist to resolve your dermatitis.

What is Dermatitis?

Dermatitis, also known as eczema is an autoimmune skin condition that results in dry, itchy, peeling and some times red skin. In some cases, the skin can retain fluid. Dermatitis is often a reaction to allergies, stress or hereditary predisposition. Dermatitis typically has two different types of causes, allergic reactions and irritants. Baby eczema or baby dermatitis can be alarming as parents try to figure out the cause of the baby’s eczema – allergic or irritant.

Different types of Dermatitis

Atopic Dermatitis

imageAtopic Dermatitis is itchy, dry and often peeling skin. Sometimes it can appear to be red and scaly as well. Dermatitis can be caused by allergic reactions to food, irritation from fragrance soaps and detergents, excessive bathing, stress, changes in weather from dry to cold,. Mild atopic dermatitis can appear as a common skin rash. After noticing the appearance of atopic dermatitis review your diet over the past 24-48 hours. This may provide clues to the reason for the outbreak of dermatitis. Also, avoid excessive bathing, use a non-fragrance moisturizer, use non-fragrance soaps and detergents, wear soft fabric clothing and avoid coarse fabrics like wool as you resolve your outbreak of dermatitis.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

seborrheic dermatitis Seborrheic dermatitis is a condition that is a form of eczema that affects the scalp. In infants it is commonly called “cradle cap.” It presents with dry and flaky skin on the scalp, it is very close to dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis however, is a greasy peeling on the scalp, which can extend to the face, eye brows. Seborrheic dermatitis sometimes will extend to the back and abdomen.

Cradle cap

cradle cap1

Cradle cap or seborrheic dermatitis in infants is a condition that is characterized by thick, yellow, peeling skin on the head of infants and some toddlers. 10-20% of infants have this for of dermatitis. Seborrheic dermatitis in infants, or cradle cap is also known as baby eczema. Although alarming to new mothers, the condition is easily treated by a dermatologist.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact Dermatitis is when a patient develops a rash after touching something and developing an allergic reaction. The symptoms of this form of dermatitis usually appear within 10 days. In this form of dermatitis, it is important to review what the patient touched. Be sure to consider excessive bathing, soaps and detergents etc. when formulating the source of contact dermatitis.

Dyshidrotic Eczema

Dyshidrotic-Eczema
Dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis is when there are blisters on the sole of the feet, hands and/or fingertips. The blister can be filled with fluid. Men are affected by the Dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis 50% less than women. The condition normally lasts for 4 weeks and is caused by allergies and/or stress. It can be effectively treated with moisturizing lotions, vaseline, mineral oil, corisone or steriod based ointments in severe cases. If you have a Dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis outbreak, it is wise to first evaluate your diet and the last food items that were consumed. Dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis can be quite alarming so it is important to call a dermatologist.

Nummular Dermatitis

Nummular dermatitis is oval or round shaped itchy patches of dry skin. As they dry out they can appear similar to psoriasis or ring worm. Frequent bathing, wool and perfumed soaps can make the condition worse. The condition tends to be chronic with intermittent flare ups. The condition can be controlled with cortisone ointments. Overall it is important to keep the skin lubricated with a non-fragrance lotion. Do not shower more than once per day. Before drying off, apply a non-fragrance lotion to lock in the water on your skin. There are 200,000 to 1 million cases of nummular dermatitis cases each year.
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nummular eczema

Dermatitis Herpetiformis

Dermatitis Herpetiformis are bumps and blisters that look like herpes lesions but are not caused by the herpes virus. The Dermatitis Herpetiformis resolves itself after the patient adheres to a strict Glutten free diet. People of northern European descent are more likely to develop this condition than those of African or Asian heritage to develop DH.  The condition is somewhat more common in men than women.  And men are more likely to have atypical oral or genital lesions.

Dermatitis Diet

The best way to find out if your diet is the cause of your dermatitis –limit your diet to food with minimal chemical content. Below is a list of 7 foods you can eat that have minimal amounts of chemicals and should allow you to isolate your diet as a cause of your outbreak.
The foods include:
Bananas
Beef or chicken broth
Potatoes
Green onions
Buckwheat
Rice milk
Mung bean sprouts

Treatment

Treatment usually requires moisturizers and steroid creams in severe cases. It’s important to be mindful of your diet to ensure that you don’t consume food that may cause an allergic reaction.

Check list:
Diet (avoid food allergies)
Bathing (avoid excessive bathing)
Avoid harsh and heavily fragranced soaps/detergents
Use moisturizing lotions, mineral oils, vaseline (apply while still wet from bath/shower)