Laser Hair Removal in Virginia
offices serve Virginia and the surrounding area. We offer state-of-the-art dermatology services and a comprehensive range of medical and cosmetic dermatological care. Board certified doctors are here to solve your medical skin problem
or help you look your best. We have a range of tools, techniques and strategies that will rejuvenate your skin and help you look 20 years younger. We are committed to providing you with the highest quality of care for your skin.
We pledge to provide you with superior, individualized, and confidential care starting with a comprehensive consultation and ending with natural looking results. We run an efficient and pleasant practice believing your time is just as valuable as ours. So, call and set up an appointment. That’s the first step toward looking your best.
Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis. About 35 million people in the United States have eczema treatment which is about 1-3% of adults. About 10-20% of children mostly below the age of 5 need eczema treatment as well. So if you have eczema symptoms, you are not alone.
What is eczema?
Eczema is an autoimmune skin condition that results in dry, itchy, peeling and some times red skin. In some cases, the skin can retain fluid. It is often a reaction to allergies, stress or hereditary predisposition. It typically has two different types of causes, allergic reactions and irritants. Baby eczema can bealarming as parents try to figure out the cause. – allergic or irritant.
Types of eczema
Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis
is itchy, dry and often peeling skin. Sometimes it can appear to be red and scaly as well. It can be caused by allergic reactions to food, irritation from fragrance soaps and detergents, excessive bathing, stress, changes in weather from dry to cold. Mild atopic dermatitis can appear as a common skin rash. After noticing the appearance of atopic dermatitis, review your diet over the past 24-48 hours. This may provide clues to the reason for the outbreak of atopic dermatitis. Also, avoid excessive bathing, use a non-fragrance moisturizer, use non-fragrance soaps and detergents, wear soft fabric clothing and avoid coarse fabrics like wool to aggravate your atopic dermatitis less.
Xerotic eczema is dry skin that turns into eczema after severe scratching and irritation. It can be the beginning stages of eczema is not treated. Xerotic eczema gets worse during dry winter weather. Arms, legs, stomach and back are often affected. Xerotic eczema is common among senior citizens ages 55 and older. The skin can crack and peel often resembling a dry lake or river. The itchy, tender skin resembles a dry, cracked, river bed. Ichthyosis is a related disorder. Xerotic eczema is also called asteatotic, craquele or craquelatum, winter itch, pruritus hiemalis.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a condition that is a form of eczema that affects the scalp. In infants it is commonly called “cradle cap.” Seborrheic dermatitis presents with dry and flaky skin on the scalp, it is very close to dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis however, is a greasy peeling on the scalp, which can extend to the face, eye brows. It sometimes will extend to the back and abdomen. In adults, seborrheic dermatitis is treated in numerous ways. Seborrheic dermatitis can be controlled with mild non-frangrance shampoos, mild soaps, avoiding excessive showers, minimizing sun exposure and avoid needless excoriation (scratching) of the scalp despite it's itchiness.
Cradle cap or baby eczema
Cradle cap or seborrheic dermatitis in infants is a condition that is characterized by thick, yellow, peeling skin on the head of infants and some toddlers. 10-20% of infants have it. Seborrheic dermatitis in infants, or cradle cap is also known as baby eczema. Although alarming to new mothers, the condition is easily treated by a dermatologist.
Dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis is when there are blisters on the sole of the feet, hands and/or fingertips. The blister can be filled with fluid. Men are affected by the dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis 50% less than women. Dyshidrotic eczema normally lasts for 4 weeks and is caused by allergies and/or stress. Dyshidrotic eczema can be effectively treated with moisturizing lotions, vaseline, mineral oil, cortisone or steroid based ointments in severe cases. If you have a dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis out break it is wise to first evaluate your diet and the last food items that were consumed. Dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis can be quite alarming so it is important to call a dermatologist.
Nummular eczema is oval or round shaped itchy patches of dry skin. As they dry out they can appear similar to psoriasis or ring worm. Frequent bathing, wool and perfumed soaps can make nummular eczema worse. The condition tends to be chronic with intermittent flare ups. It can be controlled with cortisone ointments. Overall, it is important to keep the skin lubricated with a non-fragrance lotion with nummular eczema. Do not shower more than once per day when you have nummular eczema. Before drying off, apply a non-fragrance lotion to lock in the water on your skin. There are 200,000 to 1 million cases of nummular eczema cases each year.
Is Eczema contagious?
Eczema has not been found to be contagious. However, eczema does tend to run in families and thus it can be hereditary. Eczema is not contagious.
The best way to find out of your diet is the cause of your eczema is by limiting your diet to food with minimal chemical content. While on this diet pay attention to possible cause(s) of the outbreak. Below is a list of 7 foods you can eat that have minimal amounts of chemicals while monitoring your eczema diet.
The foods include:
Beef or chicken broth
Mung bean sprouts
Eczema treatment usually requires moisturizers and steroid creams in severe cases. It's important to be mindful of your diet to ensure that you don't consume food that may cause an allergic reaction.
Diet (avoid food allergies)
Bathing (avoid excessive bathing)
Avoid harsh and heavily fragrance soaps/detergents
Use moisturizing lotions, mineral oils, vaseline (apply while still wet from bath/shower)
Call us to get more information on how to resolve your eczema.
In Virginia call us learn how to look your best
Acne starts when oil and dead skin cells clog up your pores. Some people call it blackheads, blemishes, whiteheads, pimples, or zits. When you have just a few red spots, or pimples, you have a mild form of acne. Severe acne can mean hundreds of pimples that can cover the face, neck, chest, and back. Or it can be bigger, solid, red lumps that are painful (cysts).
Acne is very common among teens. It usually gets better after the teen years. Some women who never had acne growing up will have it as an adult, often right before their menstrual periods.
Acne starts when oil and dead skin cells clog the skin's pores camera. If germs get into the pores, the result can be swelling, redness, and pus.
For most people, acne starts during the teen years. This is because hormone changes make the skin oilier after puberty starts.
Using oil-based skin products or cosmetics can make acne worse. Use skin products that don't clog your pores. They will say "noncomedogenic" on the label. Acne can run in families. If one of your parents had severe acne, you are more likely to have it.
Types of acne
Identifying which type of acne you’re experiencing is key to successful treatment. Acne may be noninflammatory or inflammatory. Subtypes of acne within these two categories include:
Noninflammatory acne includes blackheads and whiteheads. These normally don’t cause swelling. They also respond relatively well to over-the-counter (OTC) treatments.
Blackheads (open comedones)
Blackheads occur when a pore is clogged by a combination of sebum and dead skin cells. The top of the pore stays open, despite the rest of it being clogged. This results in the characteristic black color seen on the surface.
Whiteheads (closed comedones)
Whiteheads can also form when a pore gets clogged by sebum and dead skin cells. But unlike with blackheads, the top of the pore closes up. It looks like a small bump protruding from the skin.
Whiteheads are more difficult to treat because the pores are already closed. Products containing salicylic acid can be helpful. Topical retinoids give the best results for comedonal acne. Currently, adapalene (Differin) is available over the counter as a retinoid. If it does not work for you, stronger topical retinoids are available by prescription from your dermatologist.
Pimples that are red and swollen are referred to as inflammatory acne.
Although sebum and dead skin cells contribute to inflammatory acne, bacteria can also play a role in clogging up pores. Bacteria can cause an infection deep beneath the skin’s surface. This may result in painful acne spots that are hard to get rid of.
Products containing benzoyl-peroxide may help reduce swelling and get rid of bacteria within the skin. These can also remove excess sebum. Your doctor may prescribe either an oral or topical antibiotic along with the benzoyl-peroxide to treat your inflammatory acne. Topical retionoids are also an important part of combatting inflammatory papules and pustules.
Papules occur when the walls surrounding your pores break down from severe inflammation. This results in hard, clogged pores that are tender to the touch. The skin around these pores is usually pink.
Pustules can also form when the walls around your pores break down. Unlike papules, pustules are filled with pus. These bumps come out from the skin and are usually red in color. They often have yellow or white heads on top.
Nodules occur when clogged, swollen pores endure further irritation and grow larger. Unlike pustules and papules, nodules are deeper underneath the skin.
Because nodules are so deep within the skin, you can’t typically treat them at home. Prescription medication is necessary to help clear these up.
Your doctor or dermatologist will likely prescribe the oral medication isotretinoin (Sotret). This is made from a form of vitamin A and is taken daily for four to six months. It can treat and prevent nodules by decreasing oil gland size within the pores.
Cysts can develop when pores are clogged by a combination of bacteria, sebum, and dead skin cells. The clogs occur deep within the skin and are further below the surface than nodules.
These large red or white bumps are often painful to the touch. Cysts are the largest form of acne, and their formation usually results from a severe infection. This type of acne is also the most likely to scar.
The prescription medication isotretinoin (Sotret) is commonly used to treat cysts. In severe cases, your dermatologist may surgically remove a cyst.
It’s possible to have multiple types of acne at once — some cases may even be severe enough to warrant a visit to the dermatologist.
There are many home treatments that are effective for people with acne. However, if a more aggressive approach is needed a dermatologist use a variety of treatments.
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and other light and laser-based therapies are being used to treat acne. These include the use of blue light, red light, intense pulsed light (IPL), and infrared or pulsed dye lasers. Sometimes these therapies are used along with medicines, but they may also help people who cannot be treated with medicines.
Other treatments include dermabrasion, microdermabrasion, and laser skin resurfacing are effective treatments for severe acne. They can make acne scars less noticeable. Dermal fillers also work well for some types of acne scars.
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