Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis. About 35 million people in the United States have eczema treatment which is about 1-3% of adults. About 10-20% of children mostly below the age of 5 need eczema treatment as well. So if you have eczema symptoms, you are not alone.
What is eczema?
Eczema is an autoimmune skin condition that results in dry, itchy, peeling and some times red skin. In some cases, the skin can retain fluid. It is often a reaction to allergies, stress or hereditary predisposition. It typically has two different types of causes, allergic reactions and irritants. Baby eczema can bealarming as parents try to figure out the cause. – allergic or irritant.
Types of eczema
Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis is itchy, dry and often peeling skin. Sometimes it can appear to be red and scaly as well. It can be caused by allergic reactions to food, irritation from fragrance soaps and detergents, excessive bathing, stress, changes in weather from dry to cold. Mild atopic dermatitis can appear as a common skin rash. After noticing the appearance of atopic dermatitis, review your diet over the past 24-48 hours. This may provide clues to the reason for the outbreak of atopic dermatitis. Also, avoid excessive bathing, use a non-fragrance moisturizer, use non-fragrance soaps and detergents, wear soft fabric clothing and avoid coarse fabrics like wool to aggravate your atopic dermatitis less.
Xerotic eczema is dry skin that turns into eczema after severe scratching and irritation. It can be the beginning stages of eczema is not treated. Xerotic eczema gets worse during dry winter weather. Arms, legs, stomach and back are often affected. Xerotic eczema is common among senior citizens ages 55 and older. The skin can crack and peel often resembling a dry lake or river. The itchy, tender skin resembles a dry, cracked, river bed. Ichthyosis is a related disorder. Xerotic eczema is also called asteatotic, craquele or craquelatum, winter itch, pruritus hiemalis.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a condition that is a form of eczema that affects the scalp. In infants it is commonly called “cradle cap.” Seborrheic dermatitis presents with dry and flaky skin on the scalp, it is very close to dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis however, is a greasy peeling on the scalp, which can extend to the face, eye brows. It sometimes will extend to the back and abdomen. In adults, seborrheic dermatitis is treated in numerous ways. Seborrheic dermatitis can be controlled with mild non-frangrance shampoos, mild soaps, avoiding excessive showers, minimizing sun exposure and avoid needless excoriation (scratching) of the scalp despite it’s itchiness.
Cradle cap or baby eczema
Cradle cap or seborrheic dermatitis in infants is a condition that is characterized by thick, yellow, peeling skin on the head of infants and some toddlers. 10-20% of infants have it. Seborrheic dermatitis in infants, or cradle cap is also known as baby eczema. Although alarming to new mothers, the condition is easily treated by a dermatologist.
Dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis is when there are blisters on the sole of the feet, hands and/or fingertips. The blister can be filled with fluid. Men are affected by the dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis 50% less than women. Dyshidrotic eczema normally lasts for 4 weeks and is caused by allergies and/or stress. Dyshidrotic eczema can be effectively treated with moisturizing lotions, vaseline, mineral oil, cortisone or steroid based ointments in severe cases. If you have a dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis out break it is wise to first evaluate your diet and the last food items that were consumed. Dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis can be quite alarming so it is important to call a dermatologist.
Nummular eczema is oval or round shaped itchy patches of dry skin. As they dry out they can appear similar to psoriasis or ring worm. Frequent bathing, wool and perfumed soaps can make nummular eczema worse. The condition tends to be chronic with intermittent flare ups. It can be controlled with cortisone ointments. Overall, it is important to keep the skin lubricated with a non-fragrance lotion with nummular eczema. Do not shower more than once per day when you have nummular eczema. Before drying off, apply a non-fragrance lotion to lock in the water on your skin. There are 200,000 to 1 million cases of nummular eczema cases each year.
Is Eczema contagious?
Eczema has not been found to be contagious. However, eczema does tend to run in families and thus it can be hereditary. Eczema is not contagious.
The best way to find out of your diet is the cause of your eczema is by limiting your diet to food with minimal chemical content. While on this diet pay attention to possible cause(s) of the outbreak. Below is a list of 7 foods you can eat that have minimal amounts of chemicals while monitoring your eczema diet.
The foods include:
Beef or chicken broth
Mung bean sprouts
Eczema treatment usually requires moisturizers and steroid creams in severe cases. It’s important to be mindful of your diet to ensure that you don’t consume food that may cause an allergic reaction.
Diet (avoid food allergies)
Bathing (avoid excessive bathing)
Avoid harsh and heavily fragrance soaps/detergents
Use moisturizing lotions, mineral oils, vaseline (apply while still wet from bath/shower)
Call us to get more information on how to resolve your eczema.